10 Stunning Shrubs For Pots & Small Gardens
Shrubs don’t need to be huge towering space fillers, in fact, some of the most beautiful shrubs only grow a couple of feet tall and are perfect for smaller gardens and pots.
Whether you’re looking to grow shrubs on a balcony, in a small border or anywhere with limited space, we’re confident you find a few delightful plants for your home from this list.
In this guide, Hannah, our co-owner and lead content creator, lists her favourite shrubs for small gardens and pots.
For an explosion of late summer and autumn blooms, look no further than Hydrangea macrophylla.
While some varieties grow several metres tall and wide, there are plenty of smaller shrubs that are perfect for pots and smaller gardens.
Our Choice: Hydrangea macrophylla “ab green shadow” is a compact shrub that’s perfect for containers. The blooms gradually change from green to pink to red over the summer and as with all hydrangeas, there’s plenty of green foliage on offer too.
- Prefers partial shade or protection from the midday sun.
- Needs frequent watering, especially if grown in pots.
- Produces huge colourful blooms that delight into autumn and often up to the first frosts.
- Beyond their watering requirements, hydrangeas are easy to grow, and pests generally leave them alone.
- Loses its leaves in the winter.
Resources: How to grow hydrangeas in pots.
Lavender is the ultimate no-fuss dwarf shrub that also pleases the senses with a delicious aroma.
You’ll never need to fertilise lavender as they prefer poor soil, and as a shrub that originated in the Mediterranean, they only require infrequent watering.
Expect eye-catching purple bracts that sit atop greenish-grey stems from late spring into early summer.
French Lavender (Lavandula stoechas): Light pink or purple ears flutter on top of unusual purple barrels; French lavender is unique and totally different to English lavender.
English Lavender (Lavendula angustifolia): Compact and aromatic, this lavender is often grown commercially in fields for its oil, but it sits just as well in pots and borders in small gardens.
- Prefers full sun.
- Soil should be dryish and never boggy.
- Blooms in late spring and early summer.
- May rebloom if pruned.
- Low maintenance.
- Great for pollinators.
- Evergreen in most parts of the UK.
Resources: How to grow French lavender.
3) Skimmia japonica
Leathery dark green leaves serve as a backdrop to delightful creamy pink panicles in the spring, These give way (if pollinated) to bright red berries which may persist from the summer into winter and possibly the following spring.
Choose a compact variety and you’ll be rewarded with a low-maintenance shrub that requires little attention and isn’t bothered by pests.
Skimmia japonica “Rubella” for its purple flower buds that open creamy pink in the spring.
- Prefers dappled sun or partial shade.
- Perfect for growing under canopy or in a north-facing garden.
- Prefers moist soil but is otherwise easy to maintain and largely pest-free.
4) Hardy Fuchsias
Fuchsias are versatile plants that can be grown as annuals in containers and hanging baskets, as deciduous shrubs or even as hedges.
Choose a compact variety that will come back year after year, and you’ll be rewarded with delightful two-tone pendant flowers in pink and purple.
The arching stems and dangling flowers are of particular interest.
- Prefers full sun but will survive in partial shade, albeit with fewer blooms on display.
- Flowers from June to autumn and sometimes up to the first frosts.
- Dies back to ground level each year, with new shoots appearing in the spring.
- Benefits from watering and feeding throughout the growing season.
- Generally pest and disease-free.
Tip: Make sure you choose a hardy fuchsia and not a tender fuchsia which will die in the winter unless overwintered indoors.
5) Acer Palmatum
Acer palmatum, also known as a Maple tree, is often grown as a shrub in pots where it can maintain its compact form.
Acers lose their leaves in the winter but are sought after due to their attractive and distinctive red autumn foliage.
During the summer, the leaves are yellow-green (sometimes light purple) but gradually turn pink and red as autumn approaches.
Try Acer palmatum “Crimson Queen”, which holds an Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society.
- Prefers full sun or dappled shade.
- Leaves can be light purple or green in the summer and deep red/purple in the autumn.
- Requires little maintenance.
- Deciduous (loses its leaves in the winter).
- Usually grown for their foliage.
- Low growing varieties are available that spread 1.5m but grow only half a metre tall.
Tip: While acers can grow into fully-fledged trees, this can take decades, and most will grow well within the confines of a pot provided they are given enough water in the summer months.
Buddleia, also known as the butterfly bush, is a popular garden shrub that can reach up to 3m tall, but fortunately, there are dwarf varieties that are perfect for smaller gardens and pots.
Expect an explosion of blooms on the tips of long stems from early summer into autumn.
The weight of these enormous flowers often bends the stems creating a beautiful arching effect.
Watch out for butterflies and other pollinators who will love this shrub as much as you will.
- Blooms up to 30cm long.
- Flower from early summer to early autumn.
- Prefers a sunny spot.
- Grows to an umbrella shape.
- Prune hard in the spring.
Recommended: Buddleia davidii “Buzz Sky Blue” grows to 1.5 metres but produces large blue blooms up to 20cm long, making this the perfect choice for pots and small gardens.
Some azaleas can reach up to 5 metres, but most can be placed into two categories. The first is evergreen azaleas which keep their leaves in the winter and usually grow up to 1 metre.
The second are deciduous azaleas which lose their leaves in the winter and usually reach up to 2 metres.
Dwarf azalea shrubs rarely grow more than half a metre tall and are perfect for pots and small gardens.
- Azaleas can be early, mid or late flowering so choose accordingly.
- Most are spring flowering.
- Leathery green leaves act as the perfect backdrop for the many colourful blooms.
- This shade-loving shrub sits well under tree canopies with dappled sunlight.
Recommended: Azalea japonica “Diamond Pink”, which reaches up to 1m and produces bright pink flowers in late spring.
Weigelas are versatile shrubs that can be grown in borders and containers.
Some varieties are upright, but most are spreading, and recently breeders have introduced dwarf varieties up to 1.25m.
Trumpet-like blooms appear from late spring into summer, with red, purple and pink the most common colours.
- Weigelas are deciduous, so they lose their leaves in the winter.
- They prefer a little shelter from the midday sun but dislike deep shade.
- Generally pest-free and forgives some neglect.
- Expect an explosion of small colourful trumpets during the flowering season.
Recommended: Consider choosing a weigela with variegated leaves for added interest.
If you’re looking for a shrub that will make a statement in either a pot or a small garden, look no further than Cordyline.
These exotic shrubs look like small palms and come in a variety of colours.
Cordylines are perfect for warm coastal areas and urban gardens where there’s some protection from the frost.
- Pest-free and easy to maintain.
- Grow as a feature on its own or pack bedding plants around the base.
- Grow in a sunny spot with good drainage.
Recommended: Consider Cordyline “Pink Passion” for its display of red and pink stripes.
Choose a compact Hebe shrub for small gardens and pots, and the plant will rarely exceed 0.5 metres.
Taller varieties will reach up to 1 metre.
Old leaves are greyish-green with tinges of cream, while fresh flowers are usually purple and pink.
Expect purple, pink or white flowers in the summer, which compliment the often variegated foliage.
- Dwarf Hebes reach no higher than 0.5 metres and with very little spread.
- Grows in most soils, conditions and aspects.
- Prefers full sun or partial shade.
Recommended: Try Hebe “Pink Elephant” for its all-year-round pink, purple, cream and green leaves and white summer flowers.
Advice for Growing Shrub in Pots and Small Gardens
Almost any shrub can be grown in a container, but as shrubs are hungry, thirsty and have the potential to put on significant growth, there are a few things you may need to do differently:
Water More Often: Potted shrubs will require more frequent watering than those grown in the garden. The smaller the pot, the more frequent the shrub will need water. Also, pots located on hot patios and driveways or those in full sun will dry out quickly and may need watering several times a week.
More Fertiliser: Pots and containers can only hold so much nutritional content, and as shrubs are hungry, they will quickly deplete the food source, which should be topped up more often. The type and amount of fertiliser required will depend on the shrub, but a twice-a-month feed during the growing season is quite normal.
Compost/Soil Mulch: Each spring, scrape off as much soil from the top of the pot as possible and replace it with fresh compost.
Pot Size and Potting Up: Pot size is essential, and to prevent the shrub from growing too big too quickly, one should never move a potted shrub from a small pot to a huge one. It’s far better to increase the pot size incrementally over several years, some gardeners relocate to a slightly larger pot every 3-5 years or so, but the exact timing depends on the type of shrub and how well it’s performing.
Pot Shape: Some shrubs are top-heavy and will topple tall narrow pots, so consider the shape of the pot; shallow, wide pots or those that are wider at the bottom are less likely to topple in the wind.
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This guide to the best shrubs for small gardens and pots was created by Hannah Miller and was published on DIY Gardening on the 11th of June, 2022.
Discover more content at Hannah’s Corner.
Hannah is a keen amateur gardener, mother and former NHS administrator.
She enjoys gardening as much as she cares about the environment and likes to share her knowledge with others.
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